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Lakes, large and small

At all times the lake helped a person to survive in the harsh realities of the outside world.

They always were and are now important sources of fresh water and protein, they create a unique favourable microclimate and tissue.Large and small lakes are important links in the global ecosystem of the Earth. Freshwater lakes not only accumulate significant amounts of fresh water, but also provide relatively easy access to it.

Lakes are bodies of water in the hollows of the land, which are called basins. They are not included in the system of the world ocean .

In lakes, according to the latest data, contains approximately 95 thousand km 3 of water, which is 0.26% of all freshwater reserves on the planet and 0.007% of all water of the Earth.

Lake delight us with its diversity. They can be deep and shallow, freshwater and saline, with a rich fauna and flora and «dead» … However, at closer look we see that unlike, at first sight, each other of the reservoirs a lot in common. The study of lakes deals with the science of Limnology (from the Greek. lmn — lake, pond and logos — the word, the doctrine). Considering the most significant and important factors, this science offers us organize into groups, some of which are listed below.

Classification and types of lakes

The large lakes of the world

The largest lake in the world by area (in thousand km2 ):

Caspian sea (salt) — 371,0*;

Top — 82,1;

Victoria — 69,4;

Huron — 59,6;

Michigan — 57,8;

The Aral sea (salty) — 36,5*;

Tanganyika — 32,9;

Baikal — 31,5;

Big Bear — 31,3;

Nyasa — 29,0;

Great Slave — 28,5;

Erie — 25,6;

Winnipeg — 24,3;

Balkhash (salt) — 22,0*;

Ontario — 19,7;

Ladoga — 17,7;

Chad (brackish) — 16,3*;

Maracaibo — 13,5;

Onega — 9,7;

Eyre (salt) — 9,3*;

Volt — 8,5;

Titicaca — 8,3;

Nicaragua — 8,0;

Athabasca — 8,0;

Deer — 6,7;

Rudolf (salt) — 6,5;

Issyk-Kul lake (brackish) — 6,2;

Kokonor (salt) — 5,7*;

Torrens (salt) — 5,7*;

Vänern — 5,7;

Albert — 5,6;

Nettilling — 5,4;

Winnipegosis — 5,39;

Kariba — 5,31;

Nipigon — 4,9;

Gardner (salt) — 4,77*;

Urmia (salt) — 4,69;

Manitoba — 4,66;

Forest — to 4.47%.

*the lake area is variable.

The deepest lakes in the world:

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