Romania is situated in the heart of Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine (North), Moldova, Ukraine and the Black Sea (in the East), Bulgaria (South), Serbia (South-West) and Hungary (West).
With the territory of 238.391 sq m Romania ranks 12th in Europe.
Administratively, the territory of Romania is divided into 41 County (the County) and the municipality of Bucharest, the country’s capital . In counties administrative units are the towns and communes.
The population of Bucharest is approximately 2.100.000 inhabitants, in 7 Romanian cities population exceeds 300,000 inhabitants, and in 17 cities of 100,000 inhabitants.
The majority of the population – nearly 90% are Romanians, and 10% other nationalities (Hungarians at 6.6%, Germans, Ukrainians, Gypsies, Turks, Tatars, Serbs, Bulgarians, etc.)
The relief of Romania is characterized by great diversity and complexity. 31% are mountains (height 800-2543 m), 36% hills and plateaus and 33% plains (below 200 m).
The relief is harmoniously and symmetrically around the arch of the Carpathian mountains . In the center of Romania is the Transylvanian plateau, surrounded by mountain ranges of the Carpathians: the Eastern Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians, with a maximum height on the territory of Romania – the Peak moldoveanul (2.543 m) and Western Carpathians.
Intermediate form of relief between the mountains and the plains are hills and uplands . located inside and outside the Carpathian arch. Subcarpathian hills (East and South, the altitude of 800-900m) are the transition to the plains . This is the most important Romanian Plain (cimpia Romana) located in the South, along the Danube, main agricultural area of the country.
The Danube Delta is situated in the Northern part of the Dobruja Plateau – this is the youngest form of relief. It includes three main ghirla: Kilia, Sulina and St. George, which flow into the Black Sea. The area of the Danube Delta in Romania 4.340 sq. m, including 78% flooded.
Due to the configuration of the terrain, the network of inland waters of Romania is radial and is derived mainly from the Carpathian mountains. The main collector is the Danube . which basically forms the border South of the country (from the entire length of, component of 2850 km, 1075 km are the main part of the southern boundary and flows through the territory of Romania). The biggest rivers of Romania are: Mures (768 km), OLT (736 km), Prut (716 km), Siret (598 km), Ialomita worthwhile (410 km), somes (388 km), Arges (344 km), JIU (331 km).
About 3,500 lakes in Romania, 300 are larger than 1 sq. km The biggest lakes Razelm and Sinoe (415 sq. km and respectively 171 sq km ), located on the Black Sea.
In the South-East, at the distance of 245 km, Romania by the Black Sea .
The climate of Romania is temperate-continental with oceanic influence in the West, Mediterranean in the southwest and excessively continental in the North-East.
The average annual temperature is 8 0 C in the North and 11 0 C in the South.
Flora and fauna of Romania is rich and diverse, thanks to geographical position and diversification of natural conditions.